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Empty Sella Syndrome

From: Methodist Health Care System

What is empty sella syndrome?

Empty sella syndrome is common in women who are overweight or have high blood pressure. Characterized by an enlarged bony structure (sella turcica) that houses the pituitary gland at the base of the brain, the disorders sometimes results in high fluid pressure inside the skull. The pituitary gland is usually normal size or small.

What are the symptoms of empty sella syndrome?

Each individual may experience symptoms differently. Besides high fluid pressure in the skull, which occurs in about 10 percent of patients, another symptom is a chronically runny nose.

How is empty sella syndrome diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and medical examination, diagnostic procedures for empty sella syndrome may include:

The symptoms of empty sella syndrome may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Consult a physician for diagnosis.

How is empty sella syndrome treated?

Specific treatment for empty sella syndrome will be determined by your physician based on:

If there are no other symptoms, and if the pituitary gland is not enlarged, treatment may not be necessary for empty sella syndrome.

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