From Methodist Health Care
What is diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus is a condition that results from insufficient production of the antidiuretic
hormone by the hypothalamus, the
portion of the brain that stimulates the pituitary gland. Normally, the antidiuretic
hormone controls the kidneys’
output of urine. Diabetes insipidus causes excessive thirst and excessive production of very
Causes of diabetes insipidus:
Diabetes insipidus can be caused by several conditions, including:
| || malfunctioning hypothalamus|
| || malfunctioning pituitary gland|
| || damage to hypothalamus
or pituitary gland during surgery|
| || brain injury|
| || tumor|
| || tuberculosis|
| || blockage in the arteries leading to the brain|
| || meningitis|
| || sarcoidosis (a rare inflammation of the
lymph nodes and other tissues throughout the body)|
What are the symptoms of diabetes insipidus?
The following are the most common symptoms.
However, each individual may experience symptoms differently:
| || excessive thirst|
| || excessive urine production|
| || dehydration|
The symptoms of diabetes insipidus may
resemble other conditions or medical problems. Consult a physician for diagnosis.
How is diabetes insipidus diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and medical examination, diagnostic procedures for
diabetes insipidus may include:
Treatment of diabetes insipidus:
Treating diabetes insipidus depends on what is causing the disease. Treating the cause usually
treats the diabetes insipidus. Specific treatment for diabetes insipidus will be determined by your
physician based on:
| || your overall health and medical history|
| || extent of the disease|
| || your tolerance for specific medications,|
procedures, or therapies
| || expectations for the course of the disease|
| || your opinion or preference|
Treatment may include modified antidiuretic
hormone drugs or drugs to stimulate the production of the antidiuretic hormone.
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